Oil Pollution in Suexz Gulf of the Red Sea

by Ahmed S. Moursy, Natl Research Cent, Cairo, Egypt,
Mohamed A. El-Deeb, Natl Research Cent, Cairo, Egypt,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '87


The population along the Red Sea coast is small, but this sea is now one of the most important areas in the world, for it is the route for ships using the Suez Canal. Many vessels transit the Canal daily, and each of these vessels pumps its bilges and disposes of its garbage in the most convenient way directly into the sea. Even if bilge pumping and garbage disposal by each vessel were minimal the cumulative effect is enormous. Results obtained by this study show that the oil pollutants in the sea water is low. Oil pollution of the beach is possibly due to the improper handling of crudes resulting from exploration and production activities, loading and unloading operations. Offshore activities are the major source of pollution of the beach area and weathering of spilled oil leads to the formation of tar balls.

Subject Headings: Water pollution | Seas and oceans | Hazardous materials spills | Ships | Beaches | Sea water | Pumps | Red Sea

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