CZMA Consistency Revisited: A Mechanism to Mitigate OCS Impacts?

by Deborah Fleischer, Santa Barbara County, Santa Barbara, CA, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '87


With the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) recently reauthorized for five years and recent legal developments regarding consistency, this is the ideal time to revisit the question: are the CZMA consistency provisions an effective mechanism to mitigate impacts due to offshore oil and gas development on the Outer Continental Shelf? This paper analyzes the objectives of the consistency provisions and reviews the framework and implementation of the consistency process. The consistency provisions are discussed in light of two legal cases and Commerce appeals, which have influenced the coastal states' ability to influence OCS leasing and development decisions which directly impact their coastlines.

Subject Headings: Coastal management | Mitigation and remediation | Legal affairs | Non-renewable energy | Petroleum | Offshore drilling | Offshore platforms | Light (artificial)

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