Federal Consistency: Facts and Fantasies

by Nan Evans, NOAA, Washington, DC, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '87


The federal consistency provisions at Section 307 of the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (the CZMA, Pub. Law 92-583, as amended) require, in general, that federal agencies act in a manner consistent with federally-approved state coastal zone management programs (CZMP's). Federal consistency is not likely ever to be a process over which a consensus of opinions can be reached. The most objective evaluations will likely continue to conclude that consultation and coordination have been furthered by the federal consistency requirements of the CZMA and that few projects are actually ever precluded from completion as a result of the requirement that they be consistent with state CZMP's.

Subject Headings: Federal government | Coastal management | Resource management | Consulting services | Legislation | Project management

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