The Impacts of CERCLA, RCRA and State Programs on Site Remediation: A Case Study

by Kenneth Siet, NJDEP, Trenton, NJ, USA,
Kathryn L. Davies, NJDEP, Trenton, NJ, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Detection, Control, and Renovation of Contaminated Ground Water


The major federal programs requiring ground water remedial response actions include RCRA and CERCLA. On the state level New Jersey law makers have enacted a number of statutes which regulate ground water. The various state and federal programs are evolving as distinct programs with separate goals. While all of these programs include requirements for ground water remedial actions, each has developed separate approaches to deal with the problem in response to each programs distinct statutory limits or goals. The case study presented is of a complex facility with ground water contamination problems from numerous sources. The case study demonstrates how regulatory requirements drive technical decision making for ground water remedial actions. It also points out the dilema of having overlapping and conflicting regulatory programs at the same site.

Subject Headings: Case studies | Groundwater | Remediation | Water pollution | Water policy | Occupational safety | Hazardous materials | Groundwater pollution | New Jersey | United States

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