Effect of African Drought on Water Resource Management in Egypt

by Scot E. Smith, Ohio State Univ, Columbus, OH, USA,
Keith W. Bedford, Ohio State Univ, Columbus, OH, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Water Forum '86: World Water Issues in Evolution


1980 marked the beginning of the worst drought to hit the Sahel and east Africa in 70 years. The consequences of the drought were compounded by inappropriate farming methods, bureaucratic insensitivity and inaction, over-exploitation of land by a country that is overpopulated, and the basic infertility of the soil. This paper looks at the ways in which Egypt was affected by the drought in terms of the availability of water and the constructive measures that should be implemented to insure the very survival of the people and country in the event of a new drought.

Subject Headings: Water resources | Water shortage | Droughts | Developing countries | Water conservation | Water supply | Water management | Resource management | Africa | Egypt | Middle East | Nile River

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