Interstate Agreements for Water Transfers

by John W. Bird, (F.ASCE), Univ of Nevada, Reno, NV, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Water Forum '86: World Water Issues in Evolution


Any state is typically subjected to opposing forces that wish to 1) preserve limited water resources for future in-state uses, or 2) to export that resource for out-of-state use. Statutes to prevent the export of water from the state of origin to another state have usually been held to be unconstitutional and, as such, are invalid. If states are to protect their water resources, it appears that they must enter into interstate agreements to define the conditions under which water may be taken from one state to another. Such interstate agreements (with federal consent) can normally withstand attacks of unconstitutionality. This would appear to be the most favorable method available to a state to protect its water resource.

Subject Headings: Water resources | Agreements and treaties | Water management | Water conservation | Water supply systems | Federal government | Laws

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