Viscoplastic Fluid Model for Debris Flow Routing

by Cheng-lung Chen, (M.ASCE), US Geological Survey, MS, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Water Forum '86: World Water Issues in Evolution


This paper describes how a generalized viscoplastic fluid model, which was developed based on non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, can be successfully applied to routing a debris flow down a channel. The one-dimensional dynamic equations developed for unsteady clear-water flow can be used for debris flow routing if the flow parameters, such as the momentum (or energy) correction factor and the resistance coefficient, can be accurately evaluated. The writer's generalized viscoplastic fluid model can be used to express such flow parameters in terms of the rheological parameters for debris flow in wide channels. A preliminary analysis of the theoretical solutions reveals the importance of the flow behavior index and the so-called modified Froude number for uniformly progressive flow in snout profile modeling.

Subject Headings: Channel flow | Fluid flow | Flow resistance | Unsteady flow | Debris | Solids flow | One-dimensional flow | Hydraulic models

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