Effect of Cementation on the Cone Penetration Resistance of Sand

by Nader S. Rad, Norwegian Geotechnical Inst, Oslo, Norway,
Mehmet T. Tumay, Norwegian Geotechnical Inst, Oslo, Norway,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Use of In Situ Tests in Geotechnical Engineering


A laboratory study was conducted to investigate the effect of cementation on the cone penetration resistance of sand. A new apparatus to form homogeneous artificially cemented sand specimens as well as uncemented ones, and a miniature quasi-static cone penetrometer were developed. Artificially cemented specimens with 1 and 2 percent cement content and relative densities ranging from 18 to 80 percent were tested. The penetration resistance of the cemented specimens were compared with those of comparable uncemented specimens. The influence of cement content and relative density of the specimens on their quasi-static cone penetration resistance was studied. The results indicate that cementation has a pronounced effect on the penetration resistance of sand.

Subject Headings: Penetration tests | Cement | Load and resistance factor design | Soil cement | Sandy soils | Laboratory tests | Statics (mechanics) | Soil analysis

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