Make-up and Blowdown of a Cooling Pond

by Chyr Pyng Liou, Stoner Associates Inc, Carlisle, PA, USA,
Constantine N. Papadakis, Stoner Associates Inc, Carlisle, PA, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Hydraulics and Hydrology in the Small Computer Age


A mathematical model was developed to simulate the operation of a recirculating cooling pond for a planned nuclear power plant in the Midwest. The objective of the pond operation is to control the total dissolved solid concentration and water depth in the pond. This control is achieved by a makeup and blowdown system which exchanges a small portion of pond water with that of a nearby river without violating any applicable river water quality standards. The simulation of a long term pond operation including all relevant constraints establishes the necessary operating rules and can prove the cooling pond feasibility.

Subject Headings: Ponds | Cooling (wastewater treatment) | Temperature effects | Water quality | Water pollution | Dissolved solids | Hydro power | Mathematical models

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