Complications in the Design and Analysis of Small Water Distribution Systems

by Joseph H. Shrader, Draper-Aden Associates Inc, Princeton, WV, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Computer Applications in Water Resources


The design and operation of small treatment and distribution networks can sometimes be more complicated than the design of large metropolitan systems. More often than not, the use of standard engineering practices will lead to designs which would not meet regulatory requirements and would be difficult to operate. For example, under normal operation, water storage tanks which have been designed to retain enough water for fire flows could become stagnant due to the low consumption rates from a small customer base. In this article, these and other aspects of small water system design will be investigated and solved through the use of computer modeling techniques.

Subject Headings: Water supply systems | Computer models | Water storage | Water tanks | Storage tanks | Urban areas | Engineering profession | Fires

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