Application of Finite Strain Consolidation Theory for Engineering Design and Environmental Planning of Mine Tailings Impoundments

by Jack A. Caldwell, Steffen Robertson & Kirsten, Denver, CO, USA,
Keith Ferguson, Steffen Robertson & Kirsten, Denver, CO, USA,
Robert L. Schiffman, Steffen Robertson & Kirsten, Denver, CO, USA,
Dirk van Zyl, Steffen Robertson & Kirsten, Denver, CO, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Sedimentation Consolidation Models—Predictions and Validation

Errata: (See full record)


A knowledge of the consolidation behavior of mine tailings, during and after deposition, is important in estimating final impoundment capacity, rate and pore fluid expulsion during and after deposition and post-deposition (reclamation) behavior. This paper describes three case histories where finite strain consolidation theory was used for the engineering design and environmental planning of impoundments. Four materials are considered: sulfide tailings remaining from copper and zinc extraction, and gold tailings from three different ore bodies.

Subject Headings: Strain | Sustainable development | Environmental issues | Mines and mining | Mine wastes | Water storage | Case studies | Consolidated soils | California | United States

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