Acoustic Techniques for Offshore Positioning

by John B. Ciani, (M.ASCE), Research Civ. Engr.; Naval Civ. Engrg. Lab., U.S. Navy, Port Hueneme, Calif.,
Harold D. Palmer, Assoc.; Dames & Moore, Washington, D.C.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Surveying and Mapping Division, 1982, Vol. 108, Issue 1, Pg. 34-45

Document Type: Journal Paper


Acoustic positioning systems for accurately determining the location of a site, structure, or vessel in the ocean are described. The advantages of acoustic positioning systems over electromagnetic and satellite techniques are identified. It is shown that acoustic positioning systems offer a reliable, portable, and precise means of determining the location of objects, vessels, divers, or all three at any water depth. For specific installations, the use of acoustics and graphic displays provides the tools necessary to accomplish difficult tasks in remote sites.

Subject Headings: Acoustic techniques | Ships | System reliability | Ocean engineering | Satellites | Graphic methods

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