Nuclear Waste Management

Task Committee on Nuclear Effects of the Committee on Air, Noise and Radiation Management of the Environmental Engineering Division, ASCE

Serial Information: Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, 1982, Vol. 108, Issue 1, Pg. 1-50

Document Type: Journal Paper


This Task Committee report to the members of ASCE reviews the current technology and many of the key technical issues concerned with the long-term storage and disposal of high-level and intermediate-level nuclear wastes from the commercial nuclear fuel cycle. Although national policy is not firm, major efforts are focused on permanent storage of nuclear wastes in engineered waste repositories with multiple barriers to transport to the biosphere. Many of the issues focus on the desire for assurances that the wastes can be isolated from the biosphere for geologic time periods in excess of thousands of years. The report reviews the origin of nuclear wastes from the total nuclear fuel cycle, the biological and environmental significance of the wastes, and technical options for waste repositories, both for shallow land burial and federal repositories. The report disucsses pressing issues on spent fuel reprocessing and concludes with recommendations that could accelerate activities to relieving national need for nuclear waste disposal facilities.

Subject Headings: Waste storage | Radioactive wastes | Waste management | Waste disposal | Ecosystems | Energy storage | Professional societies | Transportation engineering

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