Making of Modern Metropolis

by Diana Klebanow, Prof.; History Dept., Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn.,
Ira M. Leonard, Prof. of History; Southern Connecticut State Coll., New Haven, Conn.,
Franklin L. Jonas, Asst. Prof.; History Dept., Long Island Univ., Brooklyn, N.Y.,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1978, Vol. 48, Issue 11, Pg. 102-103

Document Type: Feature article


The period between World War II and 1970 has been called the era of the exploding metropolis. Behind this exodus of people from the central city to the suburbs: prosperity of workers; the automobile; government policies such as VA and FHA mortgages, income tax deductions for interest paid on mortgage loans and for local property taxes; and the federal highway program. Whereas the technology and transport of the 19th century promoted centralization of business and industry, the technical trends of the 20th century promoted dispersion. After 1945, movement of industry to the suburbs accelerated greatly. This was followed by the out-migration of wholesale and retail trade. Still holding on in the central cities are business management and the service sector, where face-to-face contact is important.

Subject Headings: Suburbs | Federal government | Taxation | Industries | Business administration | Labor | Automobiles | Local government | Virginia | United States

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