Flows Split in Closed Loops Expending Least Energy

by Madan L. Arora,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1976, Vol. 102, Issue 3, Pg. 455-458

Document Type: Journal Paper


In any problem involving flow distribution in a closed loop system, the flows distribute in such a manner that the loss of system energy is minimum. When this happens, head losses in alternate routes also become equal. Results obtained by the concept of least system energy loss agree with those obtained by the Hardy Cross method.

Subject Headings: Flow distribution | Energy loss | Power transmission | Head loss (fluid mechanics) | Energy methods

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