208: A Process for Water Quality Management

by Mark A. Pisano, Dir.; Water Planning Div., U.S. EPA, Washington, D.C.,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1976, Vol. 46, Issue 11, Pg. 55-57

Document Type: Feature article


The Section 208 program is the key to the continuous management of the nation's water pollution clean-up efforts. In the past, regional approaches to water pollution abatement were rare. Often, the only water quality plans were those for constructing individual treatment facilities. Virtually unexplored were nonpoint sources of pollution such as urban runoff, and sediment from agricultural, silvacultural, and construction activities. Section 208 brings several changes: planning is to be on an area-wide basis; agencies are to produce not only a plan but a means to implement it. Planning elements include: description of planning area; assessment of existing and potential water quality problems; inventory of municipal and industrial sources of pollution; a summary of existing and projected land use; assessment of water quality problems caused by non-point pollution; needs for urban and industrial stormwater systems; target abatement schedules; description of needed state/local regulatory programs; assessment of environmental, social, and economic impact of carrying out the plan.

Subject Headings: Water pollution | Nonpoint pollution | Water quality | Quality control | Municipal water | Soil pollution | Water treatment plants | Agricultural wastes

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