Performance of Tied-Back Walls in Clay

by G. Wayne Clough, (A.M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA,
Yuet Tsui, (A.M.ASCE), Geotechnical Engr.; Stone and Webster Engrg. Corp., Boston, MA,

Serial Information: Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, 1974, Vol. 100, Issue 12, Pg. 1259-1273

Document Type: Journal Paper


Parametric finite element studies are described that illustrate the relative performances of braced and tied-back wall systems. Key factors in the different performances of the two systems are isolated and the degree of their influence demonstrated. Circumstances are shown where tied-back wall systems perform better than braced wall systems and vice versa. Additionally, the influence of prestress load, wall stiffness, tie-back stiffness, excavation depth, and tie-back spacing on tied-back wall performance are investigated. By judicious choice of these parameters it is shown that the designer can significantly reduce wall movements and soil settlements.

Subject Headings: Soil settlement | Walls | Clays | Parameters (statistics) | Bracing | Stiffening | Finite element method | Prestressing

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