New Design Procedure for Stability of Soft Clays

by Charles C. Ladd, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA,
Roger Foott, (A.M.ASCE), Instr. of Civ. Engrg.; Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA,

Serial Information: Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, 1974, Vol. 100, Issue 7, Pg. 763-786

Document Type: Journal Paper


A new method of selecting design shear strengths for soft clay foundations is presented which avoids much of the empiricism of the present methods. Current design practice is analyzed in light of the results of recent research into the behavior of soft clays. The concept of determining normalized shear strength parameters from laboratory reconsolidated samples sheared under the in situ modes of failure is developed. These normalized parameters are applied to the measured stress history (over-consolidation ratio profile) of the deposit to yield design strengths. The technique is called SHANSEP. Four examples of its use are presented and compared with present practice.

Subject Headings: Shear strength | Clays | Soil stabilization | Soft soils | Foundation design | Soil strength | Soil analysis | Shear failures

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