Earthquake Induced Settlements in Saturated Sands

by Kenneth L. Lee, (M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof.; Mech. and Struct. Dept., Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA,
Aurelio Albaisa, (A.M.ASCE), Traffic Engrg. Asst.; Dept. of Traffic, City of Los Angeles, CA,

Serial Information: Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, 1974, Vol. 100, Issue 4, Pg. 387-406

Document Type: Journal Paper


Volume change measurements following cyclic loading triaxial tests on saturated sands provided data for estimating the settlement induced in a layer of saturated sand subjected to an earthquake. Expected settlements for well-designed fills where liquefaction will not occur are less than 0.5%. If liquefaction develops the reconsolidation settlement may be as much as 1 to 4%. Field data from several case history examples agree with these general predictions.

Subject Headings: Soil settlement | Saturated soils | Earthquakes | Load tests | Triaxial loads | Triaxial tests | Soil liquefaction | Case studies

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