Urban Water Resources—Some Planning Fundamentals

by Lawrence S. Costello, (M.ASCE), Water Resour. Mgmt. Analyst; Cornell, Howland, Hayes and Merryfield/Clair A. Hill Assocs., Reston, VA,

Serial Information: Journal of the Urban Planning and Development Division, 1974, Vol. 100, Issue 1, Pg. 57-71

Document Type: Journal Paper


In view of the deteriorating quality of surface and subsurface waters in urban regions a review of planning fundamentals is in order. The management process involves the initiation of political leadership, establishment of a goals structure, identification of alternatives, courses of action, evaluation of alternatives, selection of a course of action, implementation of the selected alternatives, and measurement of the performance of the previous action. A goals structure is suggested that offers operational definitions for values, goals, objectives, standards, policies, plans, and programs. A process for measurement of program performance with respect to goal achievement is given. A systems definition of the urban water resource provides a basis for the identification of alternate courses of action. Displaying alternate decisions using a decision tree is illustrated. Monetary costs, potential impact, and implementability are suggested as a framework to compare alternatives.

Subject Headings: Municipal water | Water resources | Urban areas | Water quality | Quality control | Terminology and definition | Deterioration | Groundwater

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