Effect of Turbulence on Galloping Instability

by Milos Novak, (M.ASCE), Prof., Fac. of Engrg. Sci.; Univ. of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada,
Hiroshi Tanaka, Res. Assoc.; Univ. of Western Ontario, London, ON; on leave of absence from Univ. of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan,

Serial Information: Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division, 1974, Vol. 100, Issue 1, Pg. 27-47

Document Type: Journal Paper


The nonlinear quasi-steady theory of galloping oscillations is extended to incorporate the variations of the mean angle of attack with wind speed due to drag as is the case with transmission lines and suspension bridges. This effect can turn a section having a stable equilibrium position, such as the D-section, into an unstable one and change the familiar patter of galloping. The oscillations grow with wind speed only up to a point and then cease. The effect of turbulence was experimentally investigated with a D-section, rectangular sections 2/3 and 3/2, and the cruciform section. It was found that turbulence considerably increases the tendency to galloping instability of the D-section and of the 2/3 rectangular section. The observations indicate that the galloping oscillations of ice covered conductors can be strongly encouraged by the effects of turbulence and the variations of the mean angle of attack due to drag.

Subject Headings: Oscillations | Turbulence | Wind speed | Suspension bridges | Drag (fluid dynamics) | Nonlinear analysis | Power transmission | Equilibrium

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