Optimization of Urban Air Monitoring Networks

by William P. Darby, (A.M.ASCE), Jr. Engr.; Fenton G. Keyes Assoc., Providence, RI; formerly, Grad. Student, Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA,
Paul J. Ossenbruggen, (A.M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Northeastern Univ., Providence, RI,
Constantine J. Gregory, Assoc. Prof. of Envir. Sci.; Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA,

Serial Information: Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, 1974, Vol. 100, Issue 3, Pg. 577-591

Document Type: Journal Paper


A method for optimally locating samplers in an ambient air monitoring network is presented. The criterion for site selection is based upon the overall effect of pollution dose on public health budgetary considerations and the Environmental Protection Agency's implementation plan guidelines. A probability function, which attempts to rationally measure and compare the effects of pollution on population in each zone of the study area, is derived. The probability function is based upon the concept of population dosage product which is introduced and examined. A linear programming model, which located sampling stations based upon maximization of the probability of measuring significant values of the population dosage product, is utilized. The results of this method provide a decision maker with a measure of system effectiveness for various investment levels.

Subject Headings: Probability | Urban areas | Pollution | Public health and safety | Site investigation | Budgets | Environmental Protection Agency | Comparative studies

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