Optimization of Circulating Water System

by Radhe S. Gupta, Master's Candidate; Worcester Polytechnic Inst., Worcester, MA,
Bruce R. Webber, Computer Engr.; Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corp., Vernon, VT,

Serial Information: Journal of the Power Division, 1973, Vol. 99, Issue 1, Pg. 235-247

Document Type: Journal Paper


Due to strict thermal standards, utilities are forced to look for efficient and economic methods of removing waste heat from steam electric generating plants. This paper presents a code for optimizing the circulating water system such that requirements imposed by state and federal authorities are not violated. Two large cooling towers, a 135-acre cooling pond and the circulating water system are coupled together. The major savings realized as a result of this code are: (1) a minimization of the number of operating circulating water pumps, circulating water booster pumps, and cooling water fans; (2) a maximization of (within limitations) the amount of heat rejected to the river; and (3) a minimization of unit heat rate consistent with existing conditions and limitations.

Subject Headings: Water circulation | Cooling (wastewater treatment) | Cooling towers | Water conservation | Standards and codes | Pumps | Hydro power | Electric power

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