Design of Ship Channels and Maneuvering Areas

by Casimir J. Kray, (F.ASCE), Consultant; Waterfront Structures, Naval Facilities Engrg. Command, Dept. of the Navy, Washington, DC,

Serial Information: Journal of the Waterways, Harbors and Coastal Engineering Division, 1973, Vol. 99, Issue 1, Pg. 89-110

Document Type: Journal Paper


Navigation facilities shall be economically constructed for safe maneuvering of ships and for economical maintenance with consideration for facilities' future enlargement. The state-of-the-art and factors influencing design of facilities are considered such as ships' controllability, the human element, forces external to the ship in entrance-, restricted- and open-type channels, under keel clearance, bank distance, and passing ships; optimum direction of entrance channels; turns without introduction of arc and curves; minimum radius; maximum deflection angle; minimum tangent when approaching a bridge, and without the bridge; channel width in turns; and dimensions of turning basins and anchorage areas. Research and studies are needed to develop satisfactory design criteria during a period of approximately 5 years. The program could be carried on in six phases for: research; development work; preparation of facilities; laboratory model studies; full-scale testing for verification; evaluation; and finally, preparation of reports for better designs in the future

Subject Headings: Bridge design | Hydraulic design | Ships | Economic factors | Human factors | Building design | Laboratory tests | Navigation (waterway)

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