Social Implications of Land Use and Mode Choice

by Jeffrey M. Zupan, (A.M.ASCE), Chf. Systems Analyst; Regional Plan Assoc., New York, NY,

Serial Information: Transportation Engineering Journal of ASCE, 1973, Vol. 99, Issue 2, Pg. 383-391

Document Type: Journal Paper


Three sets of analysis are described which suggest that the choice of public transportation is related to higher land use density. The first analysis is based on the New York Region's journey-to-work data of the 1960 census, concluding that higher employment and residential density will increase the proportion of transit users and that the proximity of jobs and housing to one another has important advantages for the low income worker because of shorter trip length. The second analysis, a theoretical examination of a hypothetical suburban area based on models developed in the first analysis, suggests that the clustering of housing around a large job concentration has benefits with regard to limiting highway construction. The third analysis suggests the residential densities at which public transportation can work. The trend today is away from the high densities that can support public transportation. The dilemma can be solved if higher densities of development are built.

Subject Headings: Public transportation | Social factors | Land use | Transportation studies | Housing | Infrastructure construction | Economic factors | Labor | New York | United States

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