Sediment Transport: New Approach and Analysis

by Peter Ackers, Consultant; Binnie and Partners, London, England, U.K.,
William Rodney White, Principal Sci. Ofcr.; Hydr. Res. Station, Wallingford, England, U.K.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1973, Vol. 99, Issue 11, Pg. 2041-2060

Document Type: Journal Paper


The relationship of sediment transport to fluid flow is considered. Physical reasoning leads to dimensionless groupings of the variables which are different for coarse sediment and for fine sediment, because of dissimilar modes of transport. This concept provides a basis for a new analysis of data from flume experiments, and a method for dealing with transitional sizes of sediment is suggested. The analysis of experimental data supports the theory put forward and predictive equations are derived which relate total sediment flux to measurable properties of flow. A preliminary comparison is made with observations from other sources, including natural rivers.

Subject Headings: Sediment transport | Fluid flow | Flow measurement | Flumes | Comparative studies | Rivers and streams | River flow

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