San Francisco Freeway Revolt

by William H. Lathrop, Jr., (A.M.ASCE), Consulting Engr.; San Francisco, CA,

Serial Information: Transportation Engineering Journal of ASCE, 1971, Vol. 97, Issue 1, Pg. 133-144

Document Type: Journal Paper


A review of San Francisco's experience with citizen opposition to freeway plans shows some pitfalls to avoid in urban transportation planning. Postwar plans were developed for a city-wide network of parkways, but the impact of Interstate monies and standards as well as state design and right-of-way constraints altered the plans. Local citizen groups, never consulted in the planning or design, formed city-wide alliances to stop construction and design of freeways, and Federal and state funding was withdrawn leaving the city without an adequate freeway network.

Subject Headings: Highways and roads | Highway and road design | Consulting services | Infrastructure construction | Federal government | Financing | Urban areas

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