Temperature Rises in Low-Heat Cement Concrete

by Barry P. Hughes, Sr. Lecturer in Civ. Engrg. and Reader in Concrete Technol.; Univ. of Birmingham, Birmingham, England,

Serial Information: Journal of the Structural Division, 1971, Vol. 97, Issue 12, Pg. 2807-2823

Document Type: Journal Paper


A frequent cause for concern in concrete structures today is cracking due to the fall in temperature following the liberation of the heat of hydration. Cements with low heat of hydration characteristics are preferred for massive members (which have the greatest temperature rise). Unfortuantely, however, it is now evident that the criteria which are at present specified in either ASTM standard C 150-66 or BS 1370:1958 are very largely irrelevant. Modern cements have much higher strengths than formerly, they tend to be more finely ground and more rapid hardening, so that the inadequacies of these specifications have become increasingly apparent. The paper describes in detail the temperatures which were obtained in the thick raft of high strength concrete for the office block of the ATV Paradise Center, Birmingham. The predicted and recorded temperatures are compared and a very clear warning is made in the conclusions.

Subject Headings: Temperature effects | Cement | Hydration | High-strength concrete | Concrete structures | Cracking | Standards and codes | Strength of materials

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