Surface Disturbance from Submerged Jet

by Norbert L. Ackerman, (M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof.; Asian Inst. of Technol., Bangkok, Thailand,
Rafael T. Apostol, Res. Assoc.; Asian Inst. of Technol., Bangkok, Thailand,
Suvit Siriyong, Engr.; Bangkok Metropolitan Water Works Authority, Bangkok. Thailand,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1971, Vol. 97, Issue 7, Pg. 937-948

Document Type: Journal Paper


A submerged vertical jet of water impinging on a free surface produces a disturbance at the still water level. The disturbance height and other characteristics of the surface profile depend upon the momentum of the jet, the diameter and depth of submergence of the nozzle from which the jet originates, and the physical properties of the fluids which are contiguous at the interface. Equations are presented which enable the height and appearance of the disturbance to be predicted.

Subject Headings: Jets (fluid) | Free surfaces | Surface properties | Water management | Water level | Submerging | Physical properties

Services: Buy this book/Buy this article


Return to search