Solution of an Unusual Subsurface Drainage Problem

by William Edward Brand,

Serial Information: Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage Division, 1968, Vol. 94, Issue 2, Pg. 199-222

Document Type: Journal Paper


Details are given of all the stages in the design of the sophisticated subsurface drainage system in the city of Antwerp, including the execution of extensive field pumping tests, the analysis of the alternative solutions to the problem, and the study of the hydraulics of the horizontal intake pipes adopted to effect the groundwater lowering. The possible effect of precipitation of ferric oxide from the groundwater is considered. This most important factor complicated the design, and necessitated complete submergence of the intake system.

Subject Headings: Subsurface drainage | Water intakes | Hydraulic design | Drainage systems | Pumping tests | Groundwater | Subsurface investigation | Urban areas

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