Survey of European Concrete Crossties

by W.E. Kunze,

Serial Information: Journal of the Structural Division, 1962, Vol. 88, Issue 2, Pg. 111-138

Document Type: Journal Paper


Design, production, and service performance data obtained in 1961 study of concrete ties in Western Europe are summarized; 4 types of ties are described, installation and maintenance procedures indicated, and comparison given of initial costs.

Subject Headings: Concrete | Comparative studies | Maintenance | Europe

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