Breakwaters in the Hawaiian Islands

by R.Q. Palmer,

Serial Information: Journal of the Waterways and Harbors Division, 1960, Vol. 86, Issue 2, Pg. 39-68

Document Type: Journal Paper


Changes in breakwater design since 1950; practical techniques have been developed for conducting wave hindcasts and refraction and diffraction analyses; new breakwaters and repair of structures in Kawaihae Harbor, Kahului Harbor, and Nawiliwili Harbor; rubble-mound constructions using stone, tetrapods, and tribars; model tests; proper design of head of breakwater and of berms against breaking waves; problems of severe overtopping.

Subject Headings: Breaking waves | Wave overtopping | Breakwaters | Islands | Wave refraction | Wave diffraction | Rehabilitation | Harbor facilities

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