Control of Ground Water in Excavations

by W.F. Swiger,

Serial Information: Journal of the Construction Division, 1960, Vol. 86, Issue 1, Pg. 41-54

Document Type: Journal Paper


Review of basic principles and methods of controlling ground water in excavations; decision upon application of conventional methods on special methods such as freezing, grouting, and electro-osmosis depends on factors which include: soil characteristics, recharge conditions of ground water, space limitations, effects on adjacent structures, method and size of excavation, and time limitation; examples.

Subject Headings: Groundwater | Excavation | Groundwater recharge | Freezing | Osmosis | Frozen soils | Soil water | Soil grouting

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