Ground Water Flow in the Netherlands Coastal Dunes

by David K. Todd,
L. Huisman,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1959, Vol. 85, Issue 7, Pg. 63-81

Document Type: Journal Paper


A mathematical analysis of the ground water conditions in that portion of the Netherlands coastal dunes which furnish a water supply to Amsterdam is presented. The problem is treated two-dimensionally with a fresh-water lens above and a fresh-water pocket below a clay layer under the dunes. Salt water underlies the entire area. Beginning with the basic equations describing the ground water situation, assumptions and boundary conditions necessary to obtain solutions are described. Results give ground water movements and boundaries of the fresh-water lens and pocket. The method of solution is applicable to related situations elsewhere.

Subject Headings: Groundwater flow | Fresh water | Water flow | Sea water | Dunes | Soil treatment | Salt water | Groundwater | Netherlands | Europe

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