Experiences with Loess as Foundation Materials

by William A. Clevenger,

Serial Information: Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, 1956, Vol. 82, Issue 3, Pg. 1-26

Document Type: Journal Paper


Certain characteristic properties governing the behavior of loess as a foundation material have been defined through extensive laboratory and field studies conducted by the Bureau of Reclamation. These studies were primarily limited to the loess or loess-like materials occurring in the Missouri River Basin of central western United States. In this paper, broad generalizations of many pertinent properties of loess are presented and their significance is pointed out by discussions of specific typical experiences with loess as foundation material. Some interesting data gathered by the writer on residence foundation failures in Colorado are described, as well as results of laboratory and field studies of the properties of the loess connected with these failures.

Subject Headings: Material properties | Field tests | Laboratory tests | Loess | Foundations | Failure analysis | Structural failures | Material failures | Missouri River | United States

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