Torsional Coupling and Earthquake Response of Simple Elastic and Inelastic Systems

by Christopher L. Kan, Asst. Research Engr.; Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of California, Berkeley, Calif. 94720,
Anil K. Chopra, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of California, Berkeley, Calif. 94720,

Serial Information: Journal of the Structural Division, 1981, Vol. 107, Issue 8, Pg. 1569-1588

Document Type: Journal Paper


The effects are analyzed of torsional coupling on the earthquake response of simple one-story structures in elastic and inelastic ranges of behavior. The structures considered are symmetrical about one principal axis of resistance, resulting in coupling only between lateral displacement along the perpendicular axis and the torsional displacement. Torsional coupling arising only from eccentricity between centers of mass and elastic resistance is considered. Systems with several resisting elements are idealized by a single element model. Response of such a model to a selected earthquake ground motion are presented for a range of the basic structural parameters. The response quantities presented include maximum lateral and torsional deformations of the system as well as maximum deformations of individual columns. The response in the inelastic range of behavior is effected by torsional coupling to generally a lesser degree than elastic response.

Subject Headings: Torsion | Coupling | Earthquakes | Elastic analysis | Inelasticity | Structural behavior | Load and resistance factor design | Displacement (mechanics)

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