Remote Sensing for Tunnel Siting Studies

by Orville R. Russell, Sr. Geologist; Earth Satellite Corp., Washington, D.C.,
John R. Everett, Chief Geologist; Earth Satellite Corp., Washington, D.C.,
Dennis T. Stanczuk, Sr. Geologist; Science Applications, Inc., McLean, Va.,

Serial Information: Transportation Engineering Journal of ASCE, 1980, Vol. 106, Issue 5, Pg. 523-537

Document Type: Journal Paper


Data evaluated included Landsat, Skylab, black-and-white panchromatic, color, color-infrared, and low-sun-angle black-and-white infrared photography. Also used were thermal infrared and multispectral scanner imagery and aerial electromagnetic and magnetometer data. No single array of sensors is optimal for all terrains and environments. There is, however, a suite of remotely sensed data, including space imagery, black-and-white and color aerial photography, low-sun-angle photography, and side-looking-airborne radar (if it already exists), that should be analyzed for most sites because of high information content and relatively low cost. Other systems can provide unique information under particular sets of conditions, but are deemed too expensive for inclusion in all site studies. The results of the evaluation demonstrate that remote sensing can reduce the cost of tunnel site selection.

Subject Headings: Remote sensing | Tunnels | Aerial photography | Site investigation | Space stations | Thermal effects | Magnetic fields | Probe instruments

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