Construction Management in Japan

by Boyd C. Paulson, Jr., (M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Stanford Univ., Stanford, Calif.,
Tsuneo Aki, Executive Dir.; Ohbayashi-Gumi, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan,

Serial Information: Journal of the Construction Division, 1980, Vol. 106, Issue 3, Pg. 281-296

Document Type: Journal Paper


Components of the industry that are described include public works agencies, trade and professional associations, approximately half a million contractors, private owners, banking, and trading groups. Other sections of the paper give more detail on ranking and prequalification of contractors by public and private owners, selection of bidders, factors affecting project design and construction, project management, specialty contractors, and methods and techniques for project control. Although many factors would ease acceptance of Professional Construction Management approach, three potential obstacles include: (1)Closer interdependencies between general contractors and their subcontractors; (2)ambiguities in contract administration related to Confucian sense of social obligation; and (3)legal restrictions presenting commencement of projects before all plans and specifications have been completed and approved by building officials. Nevertheless, there is strong interest in adapting this method to Japanese conditions.

Subject Headings: Project management | Construction management | Contractors and subcontractors | Private sector | Owners | Construction methods | Management methods | Social factors | Japan | Asia

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