New Routing Model for Continuous Runoff Simulation

by M. S.K. Chowdhury, Research Fellow; School of Civ. Engrg., The Univ. of New South Wales, Kensington, New South Wales, Australia,
F. C. Bell, Sr. Lect.; Faculty of Applied Sci., The Univ. of New South Wales, Kensington, New South Wales, Australia,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1980, Vol. 106, Issue 4, Pg. 489-500

Document Type: Journal Paper


A new runoff routing model has been developed that combines realistic allowances for the spatial distribution of storage with the theoretically satisfying features of the kinematic wave approximation. Appropriate boundary conditions enable replacement of the partial differential equations describing the flow by tractable total differential equations. Also, similar forms of equations have been adopted to describe both overland and channel flow. All these features result in a relatively simple model with a small number of physically relevant parameters that are not difficult to evaluate. The use of the current discharge as a state variable enables the model to be automatically tuned to the current conditions and is particularly suitable for short-term flood forecasting.

Subject Headings: Simulation models | Hydrologic models | Runoff | Spatial distribution | Kinematic waves | Channel flow | Flood routing | Waste storage

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