Multidimensional Scaling in Recreational Planning

by John E. Praskey, Marketing Services Engr.; Sheldons Engrg. Ltd., Cambridge, Ontario, Canada,
Keith William Hipel, Asst. Prof.; Dept. of Systems Design, Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada,
Edward A. McBean, Assoc. Prof.; Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada,
R. Keith Weaver, Engr.; Environment Canada, Ocean and Aquatic Sciences, Burlington, Ontario, Canada,

Serial Information: Journal of the Water Resources Planning and Management Division, 1980, Vol. 106, Issue 1, Pg. 61-69

Document Type: Journal Paper


Many factors influence the attitudes of individuals who are contemplating a visit to a recreational facility. An individual perceives these factors in a certain way and implicitly determines which factors are most important. Multidimensional scaling is a descriptive modeling tool for transforming perceptual or preferential views or both, from an empirical form into a spatial representation of geometrical relationships. The method is applied to a water resources management problem for identifying the factors of most importance in planning a recreational facility.

Subject Headings: Fouling | Recreation | Recreational facilities | Water-based recreation | Management methods | Water resources | Resource management | Decision support systems

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