Detection Methods for Location of Subsurface Water and Seepage

by Robert M. Koerner, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, Pa.,
Michael J. Burlingame, Grad. Research Asst.; Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, Pa.,
Jonathan S. Reif, Project Engr.; Exxon Research Corp., Florham Park, N.J.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, 1979, Vol. 105, Issue 11, Pg. 1301-1316

Document Type: Journal Paper


The problem of subsurface water and seepage location has classically utilized borings and interpolated information between them. Since high expenses can result and the intermittant information remain less than desirable, the search for a nondestructive test (NDT) method has attracted much attention. This paper presents a number of these NDT methods in outline form. Included is a review of detection methods based on flow measurement, tracers, temperature, infrared, microwave, geophysical, and acoustic emission sending schemes. A comparison of the methods and some generalized remarks conclude the paper.

Subject Headings: Detection methods | Groundwater | Seepage | Flow measurement | Temperature measurement | Nondestructive tests | Probe instruments | Microwaves

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