Viscoplasticity of Normally Consolidated Clays

by Atilla M. Ansal, (A.M.ASCE), Asst. Prof. of Geotechnical Engrg.; Macka Civ. Engrg. School, Istanbul Technical Univ., Istanbul, Turkey; formerly, Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, Ill.,
Raymond J. Krizek, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Northwestern Univ., Evanston, Ill.,
Zdeněk P. Bažant, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Northwestern Univ., Evanston, Ill.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, 1979, Vol. 105, Issue 4, Pg. 519-537

Document Type: Journal Paper


A constitutive law is developed to model the behavior of normally consolidated isotropic cohesive soils under multidimensional stress or strain paths. This law represents the endochronic form of viscoplasticity and involves a number of material variables that are defined in terms of semi-empirical expressions and model: (1)Strain softening and hardening; (2)densification and dilatancy; (3)frictional aspects; and (4)strain rate dependence of the response. Furthermore, by considering saturated soils as two-phase media, the model accounts for the development of pore pressures due to the volumetric strain in the solid skeleton. Data reported in the literature are used to demonstrate the applicability of the approach, and approximate correlations between material parameters are established to predict the stress-strain-pore response of normally consolidated clays.

Subject Headings: Consolidated soils | Soil stress | Stress strain relations | Plasticity | Clays | Saturated soils | Constitutive relations | Isotropy

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