Booms Used for Oil Slick Control

by Y. Lam Lau, Head; Environmental Hydr. Section, Hydr. Research Div., National Water Research Inst., Burlington, Ontario, Canada.,
James R. Moir, Grad. Student; Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Queen's Univ., Kingston, Ontario, Canada,

Serial Information: Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, 1979, Vol. 105, Issue 2, Pg. 369-382

Document Type: Journal Paper


Experiments were conducted to determine the conditions for no containment of oil by a boom, the oil-water interfacial friction coefficient and the maximum angle which a boom can be angled to the flow to deflect an oil slick. The criterion that the densimetric Froude number has to be smaller than about 0.5 for containment was verified. In addition, a new criterion was discovered which specifies a minimum boom draught. The local value of the interfacial friction coefficient was evaluated along the slick; using measured slick profiles, and was found to decrease along the length of a slick. The friction coefficient also increased with increasing oil viscosity. Based on the experimental results, an empirical relationship was derived for the maximum angle at which a barrier could be angled to the flow to completely divert an oil slick.

Subject Headings: Friction | Hazardous materials spills | Displacement (mechanics) | Froude number | Verification | Viscosity | Empirical equations

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