Effects of BART on Work Journeys in the Bay Area

by Alistair Sherret, Sr. Consultant; Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co., San Francisco, Calif.,
Joel Markowitz, Metropolitan Transportation Commission, Berkeley, Calif.,

Serial Information: Transportation Engineering Journal of ASCE, 1978, Vol. 104, Issue 4, Pg. 423-436

Document Type: Journal Paper


This paper analyzes work journey patterns in the Bay Area before and since the 71-mile BART began service, and assesses BART-provided improvements in transit accessibility to employment centers. Current journey-to-work BART ridership is analyzed as a share of the total journey-to-work travel market, both areawide and in the key transbay commute corridor between San Francisco and Oakland. BART now serves 135,000 one-way trips each weekday, two-thirds of these to and from work. BART's share of area-wide work trips is only about 5%, and since half of BART's ridership has come from bus, the impact on the overall automobile/transit modal split has been small. However, BART has been more successful in the travel market it was primarily designed to serve: long-distance commute trips from the suburbs to the central cities. BART carries 27% of all work trips from residences in the BART service area taking 35 min or more.

Subject Headings: Rapid transit systems | Bays | Ridership | Commute | Travel patterns | Employment | Transportation corridors | Buses

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