Forced Plumes in a Stratified Reservoir

by Brian Henderson-Sellers, Lect. in Environmental Sci. Div.; Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of Salford, Salford, England,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1978, Vol. 104, Issue 4, Pg. 487-501

Document Type: Journal Paper


A comprehensive two or three-dimensional model for a forced plume is described in which there are no restrictions necessary in the choice of cross-sectional velocity or density profiles, angle of efflux, values of initial momentum and buoyancy fluxes or the ambient stratification. The introduction of such an inflow into a reservoir is shown to affect the stratification and if jetting is undertaken, destratification results.

Subject Headings: Plumes | Water stratification | Reservoirs | Three-dimensional models | Cross sections | Velocity profile | Density stratification | Buoyancy

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