Electric Energy Supply into 21st Century: Challenges and Changes

by Jack E. Gilleland, (M.ASCE), Asst. Mgr. of Power; Tennessee Valley Authority, Chattanooga, Tenn.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Power Division, 1978, Vol. 104, Issue 1, Pg. 7-15

Document Type: Journal Paper


Present forecasts for the total United States energy consumption for the year 2000 range to 192 quadrillion Btu indicating need for an annual energy supply about twice current consumption. Future growth in electricity demand and use patterns are affected by total economic growth, substitution, rate structures, and load management activities. The United States is now dependent on foreign sources for nearly half its oil supply. Greater use of the more plentiful fuels (coal and uranium), conservation of less plentiful fuels (oil and gas), and reduction of dependence on foreign sources are achieved by converting the more plentiful fuels into electricity. Coal production must double; new mines must be developed; emission limits on its use must be met. To fail to develop nuclear power could adversely impact the energy options of the future.

Subject Headings: Energy consumption | Power supply | Nuclear power | Forecasting | Economic factors | Loading rates | Uranium | Oils | United States

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