Safey of Dikes against Storm Tides and Wave Runup

by Johann Kramer, Leitender Baudirektor; Diplom-Ingenieur Dir., Dept. of Coastal Protection, Aurich, West Germany,

Serial Information: Journal of the Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Division, 1978, Vol. 104, Issue 1, Pg. 1-10

Document Type: Journal Paper


The safety of sea dikes against storm tides is related to the geometric and storm parameters. The parameters are the rising storm tide levels, wave runup, over-topping by waves, repair of damages in the period between storm tides, dimensions of the dike, construction and maintenance features, and costs of the various types of dikes. The analysis shows that the safety of dikes has been continuously increased since 1800 and that the most economical form of a new dike is the dike without foreland.

Subject Headings: Safety | Levees and dikes | Storms | Tides | Wave runup | Parameters (statistics) | Wave overtopping | Seas and oceans

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