Fire Protection Systems on (WMATA) Metro

by William M. Ell, Mechanical Engineer; DeLeuw, Cather & Co., Washington, D.C.,

Serial Information: Transportation Engineering Journal of ASCE, 1978, Vol. 104, Issue 1, Pg. 69-74

Document Type: Journal Paper


Smoke and fire detection, fire alarm and fire fighting systems for the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) Mass Rapid Transit System, including some alternate fire fighting system designs, are presented. A combined rate-of-rise/fixed temperature fire detector is used in areas where rapid temperature changes are abnormal. Fixed temperature fire detectors are used in the other areas requiring protection. The below grade passenger stations have a wet pipe standpipe system. This system also includes a dry pipe and siamese connection to increase the volume and pressure of the water above the nominal city water pressure. The aerial and surface stations have a dry pipe standpipe system. All passenger station standpipe systems provide water to a hose valve within each fire equipment cabinet and to each angle hose valve located under manhole covers on the platform. The train tunnels also have a dry standpipe system.

Subject Headings: Water pressure | Rapid transit systems | Subways | Temperature effects | Fires | Protective structures | Urban areas | Transportation management

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