Effluent Standards - Effect Upon Design

by William F. Garber, (F.ASCE), Asst. Dir.; Bureau of Sanitation, Los Angeles, Calif.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, 1977, Vol. 103, Issue 6, Pg. 1115-1127

Document Type: Journal Paper


Factors including a goal of ultimate exclusion of the use of the waters of the United States for the disposal of pollutants, limited knowledge of actual toxicity limits, problems with accurate analytical methods, little knowledge of uncontrollable background, and zealot pressures on legislatures have led to overly conservative standards. These requirements with unrealistic design and construction deadlines have left the designer little choice but to design for compliance with numbers shown in the standards rather than the least net negative environmental impact. After the mandates of the present laws are met, the energy use to achieve higher standards will lead to a poorer overall land, air, and water environment. Assurance that environmental improvement will accrue is therefore directly dependent upon scientifically valid effluent and receiving water standards and it is of considerable importance that research be carried on in this area.

Subject Headings: Sustainable development | Effluents | Water conservation | Environmental issues | Water pollution | Water pressure | Water use | Pollutants | United States

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