Shallow Wave Propagation in Open Channel Flow

by Victor Miguel Ponce, (A.M.ASCE), Asst. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, Colo.,
Daryl B. Simons, (F.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg. and Assoc. Dean of Research; Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, Colo.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1977, Vol. 103, Issue 12, Pg. 1461-1476

Document Type: Journal Paper


The propagation characteristics of various types of shallow water waves in open channel flow are calculated on the basis of linear stability theory. The celerity and attenuation functions of kinematic, diffusion, convective dynamic, dynamic and gravity waves, are derived. For the most general case, i.e., the dynamic wave model, the propagation characteristics are expressed as a function of the steady uniform flow Froude number and the dimensionless wave number of the unsteady component of the motion. For the dynamic model, the wave number spectrum is divided into three bands: 1)A gravity band corresponding to large wave number, where the wave celerity is the gravity wave celerity; 2)a kinematic band corresponding to a small wave number where the wave celerity is the kinematic wave celerity; and 3)a dynamic band corresponding to mid-spectrum values of the wave number, where the wave celerity falls between the gravity and kinematic celerity values.

Subject Headings: Gravity waves | Kinematic waves | Wave spectrum | Open channel flow | Dynamic models | Wave propagation | Shallow water | Channel stabilization

Services: Buy this book/Buy this article


Return to search